Skeletal and dental changes associated with diabetes mellitus include Charcot’s joint (neuropathic arthropathy), osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH, or Forestier’s disease), adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder), dental caries, periodontal disease, and antemortem tooth loss. Skeletal remains of an adult male from the Egyptian archaeological site of Dayr al-Barsha, dated to the Middle
Kingdom (ca. 2055–1650 BC), display a myriad of pathological conditions that, when considered together, likely indicate diabetes mellitus, specifically type 2 diabetes mellitus. This diagnosis represents the earliest, and possibly the only recorded archaeological PS-341 in vivo skeletal evidence for this disease. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons. “
“In women with pregestational Apitolisib mw diabetes there is a major risk of perinatal death around the time
of delivery and even with gestational diabetes, perinatal morbidity is increased. Decisions about the timing and mode of delivery are therefore of critical importance. While a planned cesarean section may be considered a safe approach, it is not without its risks to both mother and baby, especially when it is performed prematurely as frequently occurs. Induction of labor before term is often advised in women with pregestational diabetes when the aim is for a vaginal delivery, although this should be unnecessary in most women with gestational diabetes unless macrosomia is suspected. In labor, careful attention to fetal condition, progress
in labor, and diabetes control is required. The possibility of shoulder dystocia should never be forgotten even when fetal macrosomia is not suspected and maternal diabetes has been well controlled. Postdelivery care should be conducted as for the non-diabetic mother. “
“Hypoglycaemia is associated with various changes in electrocardiography (ECG). We report recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) and prolonged QTc interval (QT interval corrected for heart rate) precipitated by insulin-induced hypoglycaemia in a 59-year-old patient with type 1 diabetes. The patient was admitted twice (eight years apart) with severe hypoglycaemia. ECG showed Oxalosuccinic acid AF and prolonged QTc interval on both occasions. Each time, normal QTc interval and sinus rhythm were established when normoglycaemia was achieved. Simultaneous AF and prolonged QTc interval during a clinical episode of hypoglycaemia could explain the true clinical significance of the effects of hypoglycaemia upon cardiac repolarisation. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons. “
“Our objective was to conduct a critical review of the factors that account for psychological insulin resistance (PIR) and of the available strategies to reduce it. Medline, PubMed, Cochrane reviews, PsycInfo, ProQuest, Science Direct, and EBSCO databases were searched and 60 studies were included in the final review.