“Surface photografting Pinometostat in vivo modification with maleic anhydride (MAn) under UV irradiation in association with a post reaction with triethanolamine has been used to improve the flame retardancy of polyamide6.6 (PA6.6) fabric in this study. The effects of irradiation time and monomer concentration on the fabric surface grafting were investigated. The flame retardancy and thermal decomposition behavior of the samples were characterized by limiting oxygen index test
(LOI), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC), and the results indicate that flame retardancy of the treated PA6.6 fabric samples has been significantly improved. The chemical structures of the treated samples’ surface were characterized by attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and the possible photochemical mechanisms were discussed. It is suggested that this could be the first time to use photografting technology to enhance the flame retardancy of PA6.6 fabric. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
J Appl Polym Sci 119: 66-72, 2011″
“Epilepsy is one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders selleck kinase inhibitor of childhood and carries a strong social stigma. It has been generally accepted that educational programs can be beneficial in reducing the stigma of a number of chronic diseases such as epilepsy. In this article, we describe the first Turkish survey of primary school students’ knowledge of and attitudes toward epilepsy and the effect of an epilepsy education program on the understanding of epilepsy in schoolchildren attending three different upper-middle schools in the city of Ankara. The epilepsy education program was found to be associated with a significant
increase in knowledge of and positive attitudes toward epilepsy. In addition, students at higher socioeconomic levels performed better on both pre- and posttests. This emphasizes the importance of an educational program and the need for continued information Duvelisib mouse and support for education about epilepsy. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Most terrestrial plants engage into arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis with fungi of the phylum Glomeromycota. The initial recognition of the fungal symbiont results in the activation of a symbiosis signalling pathway that is shared with the root nodule symbiosis (common SYM pathway). The subsequent intracellular accommodation of the fungus, and the elaboration of its characteristic feeding structures, the arbuscules, depends on a genetic programme in the plant that has recently been shown to involve the VAPYRIN gene in Medicaco truncatula. We have previously identified a mutant in Petunia hybrida, penetration and arbuscule morphogenesis 1 (pam1), that is defective in the intracellular stages of AM development. Here, we report on the cloning of PAM1, which encodes a VAPYRIN homologue.