Chronic urticaria is inhibitor Pazopanib a distressing condition with high costs. The aim of this literature review was to assess the relative frequency of causes of chronic urticaria in childhood and to provide guidance on which laboratory tests should be performed. Using PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases, the literature from 1966 to 2010 (week 25) was systematically reviewed. Data from studies conducted on children who had had urticaria for at least 6 weeks, and assessing at least 3 different causes of urticaria, were analysed by reviewers using independent extraction. Six studies, all of low quality, met the inclusion criteria. Idiopathic and physical urticaria were common. Infections, autoimmunity and allergy were also reported.
We conclude that children with chronic urticaria not caused by physical stimuli should undergo tests for allergy or infections only when there is a history of cause-effect correlation. High-quality trials are warranted to evaluate the causes of chronic urticaria in childhood.
Expression of microRNA (miRNA) in the skin in dermatomyositis has not previously been studied in detail. In this study, we performed miRNA array analysis using miRNAs purified from dermatomyositis-involved skin and normal skin, and found that several miRNAs were up- or down-regulated in dermatomyositis skin. Among them, we focused on miR-7, one of the most down-regulated miRNAs in dermatomyositis skin. Total miRNAs were purified from serum, and hsa-miR-7 levels were measured with quantitative real-time PCR using the specific primer.
Serum levels of miR-7 were significantly decreased in patients with dermatomyositis compared with normal subjects or patients with other autoimmune diseases. Thus, serum miR-7 levels might be a possible diagnostic marker for dermatomyositis. Clarifying the up- or down-stream events of down-regulated miR-7 in patients with dermatomyositis may lead to further understanding of the disease and a new therapeutic approach.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with often severe itch. The aim of this study was to determine the pruritogenic and vascular effect of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) in patients with AD and in healthy controls. A 50 jig dose of 5-HT was injected intradermally into non-lesional skin of 25 patients with AD and 25 healthy control individuals, and the effect compared with 0.
2 mu g histamine as a positive control, and buffer as a negative control. Pruritus was recorded by the subjects, using a computerized visual analogue scale, while flare and wheal were recorded by the investigator. There was no qualitative or quantitative difference in 5-HT-induced itch between patients and control subjects, or between males GSK-3 and females. However, reduced flare and wheal were found in the patient group for 5-HT. There were KPT-330 no correlations between clinical findings (i.e.