1 e). This ascending branch lies entirely within the parietal lobe and is considered as part of the angular gyrus. The adjacent posterior vertical sulcus is the anterior occipital sulcus [posterior intermediate parietal sulcus] (k; see Wernicke (1881)). This sulcus considered representing
the border between the parietal and the occipital lobes. This sulcus can appear in different shapes. Usually, it continuous ventrally into the continuation of the superior temporal sulcus [e] and thus gives rise to a second ascending branch of PD332991 the latter. At times, however, it appears as a very short indentation without connection to any other gyri. It is, nonetheless, found in every brain and is readily identifiable, when following the occipito-parietal INCB024360 manufacturer sulcus (o) on the convexity (Fig. 1) to the inferior transitional gyrus (above k) (Fig. 1) between the parietal and the occipital lobes. The opening of this
gyrus is the anterior occipital sulcus. Within the occipital lobe there are three deep sulci that are almost horizontal to each other before they separate anteriorly (Ecker, 1869). The superior/first occipital sulcus (s. o. I) is an extension of the intraparietal sulcus (i), which usually reaches the occipital pole, though interrupted. The middle/second occipital sulcus (s. o. II) reaches anteriorly towards the horizontal branch of the superior temporal sulcus (e). The inferior/third occipital sulcus (s. o. III) runs towards the Niclosamide second or third temporal sulcus. The inferior occipital sulcus often runs adjacent to the inferior convexity of the hemisphere and sometimes even at the basal surface. The middle occipital sulcus corresponds mostly to the lower occipital sulcus of Wernicke. Whereas both vertical sulci and the first horizontal sulcus are consistent and readily identifiable; the middle and inferior
occipital sulci are often interrupted and branch off, and are therefore less clear. The occipital lobe is delineated on the medial surface of the hemisphere (Fig. 2) by the occipito-parietal sulcus [o] separating the cuneus and precuneus, and by the calcarine fissure (f.c.), which adheres anteriorly with the abovementioned sulcus [o]. Both sulci are rarely simple incisions. Usually, their stem forms a surface similar to the insula with secondary gyri. Nevertheless, this morphology is variable. The “posterior incision” of the occipito-parietal sulcus may extend many centimetres into the occipital lobe. Adjacent to the calcarine fissure a short gyrus extending rostro-caudally can be seen superimposed on the top and bottom surfaces facing each other. In the depth of the fissure three vertical short gyri extend dorso-ventrally. Two of these can continue to the convexity of the sulcus and merge with the above-mentioned gyri; whereas the third sulcus, that is the middle or the posterior, never extends to the convexity. Such a short gyrus can reach at times the convexity and thus interrupt the fissure.